Before we discuss about the top 10 Diabetes medications, we should know that this disease affects millions of people around the world. It is a condition in which the human body fails to generate enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels in control. There are many ways to control your blood sugar.
There are many options for an individual to keep diabetes under control. Multiple options can also lead to confusion. The answer to your confusion is to seek professional advice.
Your healthcare professional will consider some factors before prescribing you any medications. Some factors include
- Duration of your disease
- Your blood sugar levels
- Medical history (to see if you are suffering from other diseases)
- Smoking habit or alcohol consumption
After considering all the factors your healthcare professional will provide you with the medication you will require. This article will look into the top 10 diabetes medications you can get online.
GLP 1 is a class of medication that can decrease blood sugar levels in the human body and increase the flow of insulin. It can help decrease the blood sugar level by an average of 1-2%.
GLP1 – a glucagon-like peptide 1 benefits the function of insulin it also has some side effects. Side effects of GLP 1 are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling, loss of appetite, headache, etc.
The medications that come under the class of GLP 1 are
DPP-4 inhibitors also known as Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 are a class of medication that is mainly used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps lower the blood sugar level after a meal by increasing the level of the hormone insulin.
DPP-4 inhibitors can help reduce blood sugar levels by an average of 0.5-1%. It has some side effects like skin rash, nausea, stomach pain, sore throat, headache, etc.
The medications that come under the class of DPP-4 inhibitors are
SGLT2 inhibitors which are also called sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 work by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys. It helps excess glucose leave your body through urine rather than storing it in the kidney.
SGLT2 can help with weight loss and cardiovascular benefits. It also has some side effects like dehydration, lose bone density, urinary tract infection, etc. The effectiveness of this medication is on average 0.5-1%.
The medications that come under the class of SGLT2 inhibitors are
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are a class of medication that helps control blood sugar levels after a meal. It works by slowing the absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine which helps in lowering blood sugar after a meal.
The effectiveness of this class of medication is on average 0.5-1%. It has some side effects like diarrhea, gas, abdominal bloating, etc.
The medications that come under the class of Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are
Metformin helps with the restoration of proper body response to the natural insulin that the body produces. It also helps by reducing the production of glucose by the liver. It is mainly used to treat type 2 diabetes.
The effectiveness of this medication is on average 1.5-2%. It has some side effects like weakness, upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, etc.
The medications that come under Metformin are
Thiazolidinediones are also known as glitazones. It helps with the activation of the genes in the body. The genes that play an important role in the function of the insulin-producing cell and insulin sensitivity.
The effectiveness of this class of medication is on average 1-2%. Some side effects of Thiazolidinediones are weight gain, back pain, chest pain, water retention, bloating, sore throat, etc.
The medications that come under the class of Thiazolidinediones are
- Pioglitazone (Actoplus Met XR)
- Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
Meglitinides help encourage beta cells in the pancreas to create more insulin for the body. This creation of insulin will help lower blood sugar levels.
The effectiveness of this class of medication is on average 0.5-1%. Some side effects of Meglitinides are hypoglycemia, liver problems, cold symptoms, blurred vision, etc.
The medications that come under the class of Meglitinides are
- Nateglinide (Starlix)
Bile acid sequestrants
Bile acid sequestrants work by binding bile acids preventing them to be absorbed by the small intestine. The bile acids are removed in feces rather than staying in the blood. This process helps in lowering the cholesterol level in the body which helps control blood sugar levels.
Some of the side effects of Bile acid sequestrants are constipation, bloating, vomiting, indigestion, etc. The medications that come under the class of Bile acid sequestrants are
Sulfonylureas is a class of medication that has been used for many years for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It helps with the increase of the creation of the insulin process in the beta cells.
The effectiveness of this class of medication is on average 1-2%. Side effects of Sulfonylureas are hypoglycemia, skin rashes, hunger, weight gain, etc.
The medications that come under the class of Sulfonylureas are
Insulin therapy is the most effective way in the top 10 diabetes medications for controlling your blood sugar levels. There are several types of insulin depending on their usage, time, and reactions. The types of insulin include
- Rapid-acting insulin – It starts to work within 15-30 minutes of injection and has a peak effect within 1-3 hours. It is used to cover the insulin needs that occur with meals.
- Short-acting insulin – It starts to work within 30-60 minutes of injection and has a peak effect within 2-4 hours. It helps to cover the insulin needs that occur with meals.
- Intermediate-acting insulin – It starts to work within 2-4 hours of injection and has a peak effect within 4-12 hours. It provides a background insulin level between meals and overnight.
- Long-acting insulin – It starts to work within several hours of injection and has a relatively flat affect over 24 hours. It is used to provide a background insulin level throughout the day and overnight.
The consumption of insulin depends on several factors and conditions. Its important to consult a healthcare professional before getting into insulin therapy.
In conclusion, the top 10 diabetes medications have their unique effects and method of usage. We got many options for treatment online, but it is important to find out which one is right for your needs.
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